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SimulatorPanel.java

package org.mathpiper.ui.gui.simulator;

import javax.swing.*;
import java.awt.event.*;
import java.awt.*;
import java.text.DecimalFormat;

//import com.sun.j3d.utils.timer.J3DTimer;
public class SimulatorPanel extends JPanel implements Runnable {

    private static final int PWIDTH = 505;   // size of panel
    private static final int PHEIGHT = 505;
    private static long MAX_STATS_INTERVAL = 1000000000L;
    // private static long MAX_STATS_INTERVAL = 1000L;
    // record stats every 1 second (roughly)
    private static final int NO_DELAYS_PER_YIELD = 16;
    /* Number of frames with a delay of 0 ms before the animation thread yields
    to other running threads. */
    private static int MAX_FRAME_SKIPS = 5;   // was 2;
    // no. of frames that can be skipped in any one animation loop
    // i.e the games state is updated but not rendered
    private static int NUM_FPS = 10;
    // number of FPS values stored to get an average
    // used for gathering statistics
    private long statsInterval = 0L;    // in ns
    private long prevStatsTime;
    private long totalElapsedTime = 0L;
    private long simulatorStartTime;
    private int timeSpentInGame = 0;    // in seconds
    private long frameCount = 0;
    private double fpsStore[];
    private long statsCount = 0;
    private double averageFPS = 0.0;
    private long framesSkipped = 0L;
    private long totalFramesSkipped = 0L;
    private double upsStore[];
    private double averageUPS = 0.0;
    private DecimalFormat df = new DecimalFormat("0.##");  // 2 dp
    private DecimalFormat timedf = new DecimalFormat("0.####");  // 4 dp
    private Thread animator;           // the thread that performs the animation
    private boolean running = false;   // used to stop the animation thread
    private boolean isPaused = false;
    private long period;                // period between drawing in _nanosecs_
    private SimulatorFrame wcTop;
    private Points points;       // the worm
    // used at game termination
    private boolean gameOver = false;
    private int score = 0;
    private Font font;
    private FontMetrics metrics;

    // off screen rendering
    private Graphics dbg;
    private Image dbImage = null;

    public SimulatorPanel(SimulatorFrame wc, long period) {
        wcTop = wc;
        this.period = period;

        setBackground(Color.white);
        setPreferredSize(new Dimension(PWIDTH, PHEIGHT));

        setFocusable(true);
        requestFocus();    // the JPanel now has focus, so receives key events
        readyForTermination();

        points = new Points(PWIDTH, PHEIGHT);

        addMouseListener(new MouseAdapter() {

            public void mousePressed(MouseEvent e) {
                testPress(e.getX(), e.getY());
            }
        });

        // set up message font
        font = new Font("SansSerif", Font.BOLD, 24);
        metrics = this.getFontMetrics(font);

        // initialise timing elements
        fpsStore = new double[NUM_FPS];
        upsStore = new double[NUM_FPS];
        for (int i = 0; i < NUM_FPS; i++) {
            fpsStore[i] = 0.0;
            upsStore[i] = 0.0;
        }
    } //end SimulatorPanel.

    public void plotPoint(int x, int y)
    {
        points.addPoint(x, y);
    }

    private void readyForTermination() {
        addKeyListener(new KeyAdapter() {
            // listen for esc, q, end, ctrl-c on the canvas to
            // allow a convenient exit from the full screen configuration

            public void keyPressed(KeyEvent e) {
                int keyCode = e.getKeyCode();
                if ((keyCode == KeyEvent.VK_ESCAPE) || (keyCode == KeyEvent.VK_Q) ||
                        (keyCode == KeyEvent.VK_END) ||
                        ((keyCode == KeyEvent.VK_C) && e.isControlDown())) {
                    running = false;
                }
            }
        });
    }  // end of readyForTermination()

    public void addNotify() // wait for the JPanel to be added to the JFrame before starting
    {
        super.addNotify();   // creates the peer
        startSimulator();         // start the thread
    }

    private void startSimulator() // initialise and start the thread
    {
        if (animator == null || !running) {
            animator = new Thread(this);
            animator.start();
        }
    } // end of startSimulator()


    // ------------- game life cycle methods ------------
    // called by the JFrame's window listener methods
    public void resumeSimulator() // called when the JFrame is activated / deiconified
    {
        isPaused = false;
    }

    public void pauseSimulator() // called when the JFrame is deactivated / iconified
    {
        isPaused = true;
    }

    public void stopSimulator() // called when the JFrame is closing
    {
        running = false;
    }

    // ----------------------------------------------
    private void testPress(int x, int y) // is (x,y) near the head or should an obstacle be added?
    {
       /* if (!isPaused && !gameOver) {
            if (fred.nearHead(x, y)) {   // was mouse press near the head?
                gameOver = true;
                score = (40 - timeSpentInGame) + (40 - obs.getNumObstacles());
            // hack together a score
            } else {   // add an obstacle if possible
                if (!fred.touchedAt(x, y)) // was the worm's body untouched?
                {
                    obs.add(x, y);
                }
            }
        }*/
    }  // end of testPress()

    public void run() /* The frames of the animation are drawn inside the while loop. */ {
        long beforeTime, afterTime, timeDiff, sleepTime;
        long overSleepTime = 0L;
        int noDelays = 0;
        long excess = 0L;

        simulatorStartTime = System.nanoTime(); //J3DTimer.getValue();
        prevStatsTime = simulatorStartTime;
        beforeTime = simulatorStartTime;

        running = true;

        while (running) {
            simulatorUpdate();
            simulatorRender();
            paintScreen();

            afterTime = System.nanoTime(); //J3DTimer.getValue();
            timeDiff = afterTime - beforeTime;
            sleepTime = (period - timeDiff) - overSleepTime;

            if (sleepTime > 0) {   // some time left in this cycle
                try {
                    Thread.sleep(sleepTime / 1000000L);  // nano -> ms
                } catch (InterruptedException ex) {
                }
                overSleepTime = (System.nanoTime() - afterTime) - sleepTime;
            } else {    // sleepTime <= 0; the frame took longer than the period
                excess -= sleepTime;  // store excess time value
                overSleepTime = 0L;

                if (++noDelays >= NO_DELAYS_PER_YIELD) {
                    Thread.yield();   // give another thread a chance to run
                    noDelays = 0;
                }
            }

            beforeTime = System.nanoTime(); //J3DTimer.getValue();

            /* If frame animation is taking too long, update the game state
            without rendering it, to get the updates/sec nearer to
            the required FPS. */
            int skips = 0;
            while ((excess > period) && (skips < MAX_FRAME_SKIPS)) {
                excess -= period;
                simulatorUpdate();    // update state but don't render
                skips++;
            }
            framesSkipped += skips;

            storeStats();
        }

        printStats();
        //System.exit(0);   // so window disappears
    } // end of run()

    private void simulatorUpdate() {
        if (!isPaused && !gameOver) {
            //fred.move();
        }
    }  // end of gameUpdate()

    private void simulatorRender() {
        if (dbImage == null) {
            dbImage = createImage(PWIDTH, PHEIGHT);
            if (dbImage == null) {
                System.out.println("dbImage is null");
                return;
            } else {
                dbg = dbImage.getGraphics();
            }
        }

        // clear the background
        dbg.setColor(Color.white);
        dbg.fillRect(0, 0, PWIDTH, PHEIGHT);

        dbg.setColor(Color.blue);
        dbg.setFont(font);

        // report frame count & average FPS and UPS at top left
        // dbg.drawString("Frame Count " + frameCount, 10, 25);
        
        //dbg.drawString("Average FPS/UPS: " + df.format(averageFPS) + ", " + df.format(averageUPS), 20, 25);  // was (10,55)

        //dbg.setColor(Color.black);

        points.draw(dbg);

        if (gameOver) {
            simulationOverMessage(dbg);
        }
    }  // end of gameRender()

    private void simulationOverMessage(Graphics g) // center the game-over message in the panel
    {
        String msg = "Game Over. Your Score: " + score;
        int x = (PWIDTH - metrics.stringWidth(msg)) / 2;
        int y = (PHEIGHT - metrics.getHeight()) / 2;
        g.setColor(Color.red);
        g.setFont(font);
        g.drawString(msg, x, y);
    }  // end of gameOverMessage()

    private void paintScreen() // use active rendering to put the buffered image on-screen
    {
        Graphics g;
        try {
            g = this.getGraphics();
            if ((g != null) && (dbImage != null)) {
                g.drawImage(dbImage, 0, 0, null);
            }
            g.dispose();
        } catch (Exception e) {
            System.out.println("Graphics context error: " + e);
        }
    } // end of paintScreen()

    private void storeStats() /* The statistics:
    - the summed periods for all the iterations in this interval
    (period is the amount of time a single frame iteration should take),
    the actual elapsed time in this interval,
    the error between these two numbers;

    - the total frame count, which is the total number of calls to run();

    - the frames skipped in this interval, the total number of frames
    skipped. A frame skip is a game update without a corresponding render;

    - the FPS (frames/sec) and UPS (updates/sec) for this interval,
    the average FPS & UPS over the last NUM_FPSs intervals.

    The data is collected every MAX_STATS_INTERVAL  (1 sec).
     */ {
        frameCount++;
        statsInterval += period;

        if (statsInterval >= MAX_STATS_INTERVAL) {     // record stats every MAX_STATS_INTERVAL
            long timeNow = System.nanoTime(); //J3DTimer.getValue();
            timeSpentInGame = (int) ((timeNow - simulatorStartTime) / 1000000000L);  // ns --> secs
            wcTop.setTimeSpent(timeSpentInGame);

            long realElapsedTime = timeNow - prevStatsTime;   // time since last stats collection
            totalElapsedTime += realElapsedTime;

            double timingError =
                    ((double) (realElapsedTime - statsInterval) / statsInterval) * 100.0;

            totalFramesSkipped += framesSkipped;

            double actualFPS = 0;     // calculate the latest FPS and UPS
            double actualUPS = 0;
            if (totalElapsedTime > 0) {
                actualFPS = (((double) frameCount / totalElapsedTime) * 1000000000L);
                actualUPS = (((double) (frameCount + totalFramesSkipped) / totalElapsedTime) * 1000000000L);
            }

            // store the latest FPS and UPS
            fpsStore[(int) statsCount % NUM_FPS] = actualFPS;
            upsStore[(int) statsCount % NUM_FPS] = actualUPS;
            statsCount = statsCount + 1;

            double totalFPS = 0.0;     // total the stored FPSs and UPSs
            double totalUPS = 0.0;
            for (int i = 0; i < NUM_FPS; i++) {
                totalFPS += fpsStore[i];
                totalUPS += upsStore[i];
            }

            if (statsCount < NUM_FPS) { // obtain the average FPS and UPS
                averageFPS = totalFPS / statsCount;
                averageUPS = totalUPS / statsCount;
            } else {
                averageFPS = totalFPS / NUM_FPS;
                averageUPS = totalUPS / NUM_FPS;
            }
            /*
            System.out.println(timedf.format( (double) statsInterval/1000000000L) + " " +
            timedf.format((double) realElapsedTime/1000000000L) + "s " +
            df.format(timingError) + "% " +
            frameCount + "c " +
            framesSkipped + "/" + totalFramesSkipped + " skip; " +
            df.format(actualFPS) + " " + df.format(averageFPS) + " afps; " +
            df.format(actualUPS) + " " + df.format(averageUPS) + " aups" );
             */
            framesSkipped = 0;
            prevStatsTime = timeNow;
            statsInterval = 0L;   // reset
        }
    }  // end of storeStats()

    public void clear()
    {
        points.clear();
    }

   public void setColor(int red, int green, int blue)
  {
       Points.setColor(red, green, blue);
  }

  public void setPlotWidth(int plotWidth)
  {
       Points.setPlotWidth(plotWidth);
  }

    private void printStats() {
        /*System.out.println("Frame Count/Loss: " + frameCount + " / " + totalFramesSkipped);
        System.out.println("Average FPS: " + df.format(averageFPS));
        System.out.println("Average UPS: " + df.format(averageUPS));
        System.out.println("Time Spent: " + timeSpentInGame + " secs");*/
    }  // end of printStats()
}  // end of SimulatorPanel class

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